Taiwan is a densely populated island with only limited natural resources. Over the last 20 years, Taiwan’s economy has grown rapidly, transforming the island into a high-tech, energy-intensive society. Taiwan’s manufacturing prowess, technical innovation and economic liberalization have helped its economy achieve dramatic gains, including nearly 11 percent growth last year. But energy demand has grown almost lockstep with the overall economy, providing authorities with the same challenges and opportunities that developed economies are facing everywhere.
Strengthening international energy cooperation is a key part of Taiwan’s energy strategy
. Expanding already robust U.S.-Taiwan energy cooperation will allow us to jointly tackle our shared energy and climate challenges. By taking steps now to meet these challenges, both the United States and Taiwan will also be well-positioned to capitalize on the tremendous economic opportunities in energy in the years and decades ahead.
The U.S.-Taiwan Energy Agenda covers the following areas:
Science and Technology Cooperation. Collaborative research has long been one of the cornerstones of U.S.-Taiwan energy cooperation, with U.S. national laboratories partnering with Taiwan to conduct a broad range of science and technology projects over the past 17 years. This scientific cooperation spans multiple U.S. federal partners, including the Department of Energy, the Department of Commerce, the National Science Foundation, and the United States’ Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The U.S. EPA and Taiwan’s Environmental Protection Administration have conducted more than 160 joint research and collaboration projects, averaging more than $500,000 each year. Currently, Taiwan scientists and engineers are working with experts from Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York on developing and applying advanced modeling systems that will help to evaluate energy technologies and policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). In the regional APEC forum, Taiwan and the U.S. have worked closely to advance “green growth” goals—promoting economic growth while also boosting energy efficiency and sustainability. Taiwan is a major contributor to U.S. projects such as the Energy-Smart Communities Initiative (ESCI), where it is helping build a platform for information on energy-smart research, initiatives, and conferences. In 2012, Taiwan succeeded the United States as chair of the APEC Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies, which focuses on wind, solar power, and biofuels.
Nuclear Security. Working closely with the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration, Taiwan has also been leading efforts to strengthen nuclear security at its shipping ports to better detect and prevent nuclear smuggling. Earlier this year, the U.S. and Taiwan announced a major milestone in our Megaports partnership with Taiwan. After five years of close coordination, both sides completed the installation of radiation detection equipment at Kaohsiung Harbor. The Megaports program at Kaohsiung Harbor consists of three separate, but related elements: first, installing radiation detection equipment; second, providing training to Taiwanese officials on how to operate and maintain the system; and third, educating terminal operators on nuclear materials and their potential dangers.
U.S.-Taiwan Energy Cooperation Agreements
Bilateral Clean Coal Agreement Energy Cooperation MOU with Oregon
The United States and Taiwan government and business leaders have worked closely to promote greater bilateral cooperation between the public and private sector in scientific research, nuclear energy, and renewable energy technologies.
More on U.S.-Taiwan Energy Cooperation
Green Energy: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (LBNL) partnered with Taiwan's Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITIR).
Nuclear Materials: Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and the Taiwan Atomic Energy Council (AEC). Read more…
APEC: Taiwan Bureau of Energy's Leadership. Read more…
Nuclear Security: U.S. and Taiwan signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in 2006 to implement the Megaports Initiative in Taiwan. Read more...